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Gallberry or Inkberry
Gallberry or Inkberry / Ilex glabra
Family: Holly / Aquifoliaceae
Characteristics: Gallberry, or Inkberry, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with medium-fine texture, medium growth rate, and an upright-oval form. It spreads by stolons that root at their nodes and form new shoots. Flowers are small and indistinct. Fruit are dark berries, appearing in fall.
Landscape uses: Use Gallberry in mass plantings or as a single specimen. It is often used as a wildlife plant. Plant in sun to shade and moist soils. It will not tolerate drought.
Size: 6 to 8 feet high with a spread of 4 to 6 feet
Zones: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
Habitat: Pine flatwoods, bogs, bays, and pocosins.
Native to: Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Missouri, Mississippi, and Texas.
Comments: Gallberry is an excellent source of nectar for both native and honey bees. Its abundant fruit is an important food for wildlife. Many cultivars are available.