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Eastern Hemlock / Tsuga canadensis
Family: Pine / Pinaceae
Characteristics: Eastern Hemlock is an evergreen tree, having a fine texture and medium growth rate. It has a graceful pyramidal growth form. Leaves (needles) are short (1/4 to 2/3 inch long), lustrous dark green above, with two white bands beneath. They are arranged along the stems in two planes. Bark is cinnamon-red color and becomes furrowed with age.
Landscape uses: Eastern Hemlock is used as a specimen or screening tree and for a windbreak. It is fairly easy to transplant and prefers moist, well-drained, acid soils and partial shade to full sun. Afternoon shade and irrigation during periods of limited rainfall are required to grow the plant successfully in the lower Piedmont.
Size: 50 to 60 feet high and with a spread of 30 to 40 feet
Zones: 6b, 7a, 7b
Habitat: Moist coves, hardwood forests, and rocky bluffs.
Habitat: Nova Scotia to Minnesota, south along the mountains, to Alabama and Georgia.
Comments: It is subject to several pests, including the woolly adelgid which has recently invaded the north Georgia Mountains.